Acta Geodaetica et Cartographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (2): 206-217.doi: 10.11947/j.AGCS.2023.20210226

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A grid model for the lapse rate of atmospheric weighted mean temperature over China

XIE Shaofeng1,2, WANG Yijie1,2, HUANG Liangke1,2, PENG Hua1, LI Junyu1,2, LIU Lilong1,2   

  1. 1. College of Geomatics and Geoinformation, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China;
    2. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Spatial Information and Geomatics, Guilin 541004, China
  • Received:2021-04-28 Revised:2022-05-20 Published:2023-03-07
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41864002;41704027);The Guangxi Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 2020GXNSFBA159033;2020GXNSFBA297145;2018GXNSFAA281182);The National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. SQ2018YFC150052);The "Ba Gui Scholars" Program of the Provincial Government of Guangxi

Abstract: Atmospheric weighted mean temperature (Tm) is an important parameter for retrieving precipitable water vapor (PWV) from GNSS signals. However, current empirical Tm models are difficult to capture the diurnal variation of Tm, which limited its application in high temporal resolution GNSS-PWV monitoring. The Tm information with high temporal resolution can be obtained by atmospheric reanalysis data, which is need to use high-precision Tm lapse rate model for vertical elevation correction. Aiming at the shortages of current Tm lapse rate models, which only single gridded point data is used for modeling, we used MERRA-2 reanalysis data over 6 a period from 2012 to 2016 to develop Tm lapse rate grid model considering the time-varying lapse rate with horizontal resolutions of 1°×1.25°, 2°×2.5° and 4°×5° based on sliding window algorithm, named as CTm-H1, CTm-H2 and CTm-H3 model, respectively. Both MERRA-2, GGOS atmospheric gridded data and radiosonde data from 2017 are treated as reference values to assess the performance of CTm-H models. The results are compared with the united Tm lapse rate model of China, named as united model. The results show that CTm-H models show the similar performance when compared with MERRA-2 gridded data, before MERRA-2 surface gridded data were corrected to each layer height of MERRA-2 pressure level gridded data by CTm-H models, CTm-H models show significant advantages when the height difference between two kinds of Tm data is large. In terms of RMS, CTm-H models have improved by approximately 30% against united model. CTm-H models show the similar performance when compared with radiosonde data, before MERRA-2 surface gridded data and GGOS atmospheric gridded products were corrected to the height of radiosonde data by CTm-H models, respectively. In terms of RMS, CTm-H models have improved by approximately 3% and 5% against united model, respectively. CTm-H and united models show significant advantages compared with the condition without vertical correction, especially in western China. In summary, CTm-H models have a good performance in China, which is provided real-time high-precision Tm elevation correction for any location of the near-earth space range (the height range from 0 to 10 km) in China without any in situ meteorological parameters, thus, which have potential application for real-time high-precision GNSS-PWV retrieval in China.

Key words: atmospheric weighted mean temperature, Tm lapse rate, sliding window algorithm, GNSS precipitable water vapor, MEERA-2

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